Behrooz Zabihian

"Fish in an Islamic mausoleum"

Paper , 17" X 25", 2006.

The background tiling is an original tiling in an Islamic mausoleum in Qom , Iran (it is called "Hazrat-e-Masoume" ) . I found a fish shape pattern inside the tiling and by using CorelDraw I faded the original tiling into the fish pattern. In the Islamic world of the medieval time, it was prohibited to make tilings (or draw pictures) of animals and human beings. Of course the maker of the original pattern did not intend to put the fish inside the pattern. The pattern is made out of triangles, rectangles and pentagons.


"Make fish out of triangles, rectangles and pentagons"

Paper , 17" X 13", 2006.

The pattern is made out of triangles, rectangles and pentagons. This pattern can be called an " Escher like pattern" because it has the same structure as Escher , the Dutch artist , used in his artworks .


"Distorted "Toranj #1"

Paper , 20" X 14", 2006.

"Toranj" is a pre-Islamic Iranian pattern (it is also used in many of Islamic ornamental patterns), I changed its original shape and put four of them around a little square, and then by using "Reflection" and "Translation" method, I made the pattern. Also I put some words of Quran inside and between the shapes. This pattern should be compared with the next one. They show, how the change in the colors (and not the shapes) make differences in the appearance of a tiling.

"Distorted "Toranj #2"

Paper , 20" X 14", 2006.

Another variation of colors with the same shapes of the previous pattern .

Behrooz Zabihian
Student of Electronics engineering at Saveh University and also doing research on history of geometry

" Traditional Islamic tilings have straight and limited geometrical rules. Elements of these tilings are also common and limited. For many centuries, these rules were taught from father to son, and the son just followed the same way. His only creativity was putting different elements together in a wall or interior of a dome and changing the colors or ornaments inside the elements, but not manipulating shapes.

By using software like AutoCAD and Photoshop, I am discovering different aspects of art and geometry in Iranian heritage of medieval time. I am trying to pick some parts of a tiling , manipulate them and put them together in a new tessellation in order to see whether it is possible to create new tilings based on traditional Islamic tilings or not. Sometimes I use techniques which had been used by M. C. Escher, the Dutch artist."